Originally Posted by Bookish
The model I have been researching is rated to pull about 9500. ...
The 7000 is the empty weight. The GVWR on the specs I'm looking at just says "to be determined". I'm sure I can find something more precise but I'm leaning toward digging a little deeper into the reserves or saving a little longer and going for the 2500.
The GVWR of the trailer will be the empty weight plus the cargo carrying capacity (CCC or CC) in the specs. The wet and loaded hitch weight will be about 13% of the GVWR of the trailer.
The 9,500 tow rating of the pickup is wildly overstated. It assumes no options on the truck and nothing in the truck but a skinny driver. So subtract about 1,000 pounds from the tow rating to get the real world maximum trailer weight you can PULL
without overheating anything in the drivetrain and without being the slowpoke holding up traffic on hills and mountain passes.
But half-ton pickups can PULL
a lot heavier trailer than they can HAUL
the hitch weight of that trailer without exceeding the payload capacity of the truck. Payload capacity, not tow rating, is your limiter.
Payload capacity available for hitch weight is the GVWR of the truck minus the wet and loaded
weight of the pickup ready to hook up and go, including driver, passengers, pets, tools, jack(s), options such as tonneau cover and bed rug, campfire wood, the weight-distributing hitch required for any trailer that grosses more than about 4,000 pounds, and whatever else you might haul in the truck when towing.
For example, my half ton pickup has tow rating of 8,000 pounds, but I'm overloaded over the payload capacity of my truck with my TT that weighs less than 5,000 pounds when wet and loaded on the road. Just me and Darling Wife, a 40-pound Border Collie and a 9-pound Chihuahua.
Unless you get a very special GM 1500 pickup with GVWR around 8,000 pounds, you're probably going to be overloaded with any trailer that weighs 7,000 pounds dry. The trailer will probably weigh over 8,000 pounds wet and loaded for the road, and the tongue weight (TW) will be about 1,040 pounds. That 1,040 pounds of tongue weight will eat up a big chunk of the available payload capacity of the truck.
I'd say forgetabout a half-ton pickup for that trailer. Go for the 2500 or F-250, and even then pay attention to weight limits. The CAT scale is your friend. Use it and don't tow with an overloaded tow vehicle.