There was something very similar to that back in the early 1900's if I recall correctly.
Now I know this from watching television not because I was there.
The earliest fire grenades were hand-blown, colored round glass bottles usually filled with salt water. These were designed to be thrown at a fire so the thin glass container would shatter and disperse the water to extinguish the flames.
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After 1900, a newer and more industrial looking glass bulb came into vogue. Instead of water, these grenades contained a blue- or reddish-colored liquid, carbon tetrachloride, also known as tetrachloromethane.
This technology was used in conjunction with a bracket assembly that could be mounted on walls or ceilings above high fire-risk areas such as boilers or furnaces.